Ankole, also referred to as Nkore, is one of the oldest traditional dynasties in Uganda. The Ankole kingdom is said to have been created way back in the early 15th century.
Originally, Ankole was known as Kaaro- Karungi, and the word Nkore is said to have been adopted during the 17th century following the devastating invasion of Kaaro-Karungi by Chawaali, the then Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara (Bunyoro-Kitara was one of the most powerful kingdoms in East Africa from the 16th to the 19th century).
In Ankole, cattle were the most treasured possession in their lives; providing milk, ghee, beef, and hides, cows were the state of the value and a medium of exchange. Cows were the mode of payment of bride price and some special cows were used in religious rituals as well as cultural and political ceremonies. The long-horned Ankole cows were most valued because they were adapted to the climate of the region and resistant to most diseases. A cow was appreciated for the amount of milk it yielded: for its size and stature; its body color; and for the shape and whiteness of its longhorns, as well as its ancestry.
Ankole people’s idea of Supreme Being was Ruhanga (creator). The abode of Ruhanga was said to be in heaven, just above the clouds, Ruhanga was believed to be the maker and giver of all things. It was, however, believed that the evil persons could use black magic to interfere with the good wishes of Ruhanga and cause ill- health, drought, death, or even bareness in the land and among the people.
Nkokonjeru tombs are home to the remains of the last two Kings of Ankole, Omugabe Edward Solomon Kahaya II, who died in 1944, and Omugabe Sir Charles Godfrey Rutahaba Gasyonga II who died in 1982 after ruling for 23 years, they are also other eight graves. Nkokonjeru tombs are a historical site to the people of the Ankole kingdom and are significant for all those who want to understand the history of Ankole. It said that King Sir Charles Godfrey Rutahaba Gashyonga has ruled the kingdom for twenty-three years under the Dr. Apollo Milton Obote regime who was president of Uganda. Dr. Apollo Milton Obote abolished Kingdoms on the 17th of September in 1967. Nkokonjeru tombs hold a kind of a foreign structure house plus 2 other solid slabs. These tombs hold great significant value in the history of the Ankole people
Nsongezi rock shelter is the best spot for you to visit features that are among the most valuable Stone Age areas that you shouldn’t miss seeing while you’re in the Ankole region. Nsongezi Rock Shelter is located in the southwest of Uganda along the banks of River Kagera and Kikagati trading center and are the best archaeological sites famous in entire Uganda for the late Stone Age Microlith and dimple based pottery which came to existence way back in the 9th century which was used to produce stone tools and pottery.
Igongo cultural center has got many traditional grass huts on the display and the guides will always explain to you about the way of life of these people in the past. You will also enjoy the museum and then learn more about the ways of the local cultures, there dairy farming and video played narrating their traditional norms, and then you will enjoy the local food that is served in their beautiful gardens or restaurant, and the great roasted goat that is offered here, it’s really a must-visit while on your visit to Nkokonjeru Toms and is significant for all those the traditional lovers, which is just 4 kilometers from Sanga gate.
Visit the Sanga cultural village is a cultural center for the Hima tribe, located at the Sanga junction leading to the Lake Mburo National Park. Traditional ornaments and regalia of the tribe are also found at the center. It is possible to learn about the cultural ways, particularly of the Hima women.